Microtia means a small, abnormally shaped or absent external ear. It can occur on one side of the head (unilateral) or on both sides (bilateral). Microtia occurs once in every 4,500 births in the general population; bilateral microtia occurs once in every 18,000 birth. The causes of microtia are difficult to define. Some theories point toward a decrease in blood supply to the developing ear in utero. Others involve certain medications taken by the mother during pregnancy, such as Accutane, Thalidomide, and retinoic acid. Environmental factors have also been considered.
Hearing Restoration Click here for more info
Children born with ear deformities often suffer hearing loss due to the absence of their ear canals and/or middle ear structures. Children born with both ears deformed need immediate attention and hearing rehabilitation in order to avoid the devastating effects of early deafness on their growth and development. Combining external ear reconstruction with functional restoration of hearing provides affected children with a significant cosmetic improvement and recovery of useful hearing, enabling them to mingle with their peers, participate in activities, learn and compete in the classroom, and eventually in the workplace.
Cleft Lip / Cleft Palate Click here for more info
Cleft lip (CL) can be an isolated event or can be found in conjunction with a cleft palate (CP). In general, the condition refers to a separation of the parts or segments of the lip or roof of the mouth, which are usually joined together during the early weeks of development of an unborn child. Cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth. It occurs when the two sides of the palate do not fuse as the unborn baby develops. Cleft deformities often occur without any previous family history. Among the factors that are known to increase the risk of a child’s developing CLP are smoking or drinking by the mother during pregnancy. Repair of these problems is not only important medically, but also cosmetically and emotionally, since the child’s speech and physical appearance is impaired, which can prevent acceptance by peers.
Facial Palsy Click here for more info